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Make sure you check your plant tags.This is at Home Depot a Yarrow herb plant that is GMO. A lot of plants are GMO there especially the flowers make sure they don’t have this tag in the pots..GMO KILLS BEES so when they go to pollinate the flowers they get sick and die..
The word NEONICOTINOIDS is GMO it is very small at the bottom of the tag… They hope you wont see it..
*Millions of bees die because of Neonicotinoid @ http://seattleorganicrestaurants.com/vegan-whole-food/gmo-corn-treated-with-neonicotinoids-pesticides-manufactured-by-Bayer-Syngenta-kill-honeybees.php
And the people complained against Moses, saying, “what shall we drink?” So he cried out to the Lord, and the Lord showed him a tree. When he cast it into the waters, the waters were made sweet. There He made a statute and an ordinance for them, and there He tested them, and said, “If you diligently heed the voice of the Lord your GOD and do what is right in HIS sight, give ear to HIS commandments and keep all HIS statutes, I will put none of the diseases on you which I have brought on the Egyptians. For I am the Lord who heals you.
Editor’s note: Sanga Moses is one of National Geographic’s 2014 Emerging Explorers, a designation that honors tomorrow’s visionaries—those making discoveries, making a difference, and inspiring people to care about the planet.
Sanga Moses grew up barefoot in a small Ugandan village of thatched roof dwellings that lacked electricity. Yet he became his clan’s first college graduate and took a bank job in Kampala.
Returning home for a visit from the Ugandan capital in 2009, he met his 12-year-old sister on the road. “She stood there crying, with a heavy bundle of wood on her head,” Moses remembers. “She was upset because, like most rural girls, she missed days of school each week searching for fuel wood.”
“My sister … was losing the only opportunity she had to make her life better—education.”
It wasn’t the only change Moses noticed in his hometown. “When I was young, our home was surrounded by national forests,” he says. “Now all those trees are gone, and children must walk longer and longer distances to gather wood.”
Searching for a solution to problems born of burning wood, Moses quit his job and began learning everything he could about renewable resources. Eventually he came across the increasingly popular practice of turning organic waste into fuel.
“I looked out my window and saw a huge pile of sugar cane debris,” he says. “Uganda is primarily agricultural, but farm waste is just abandoned.”
So Moses began working with engineering students to design kilns and briquetting machines.
Four years later, 2,500 farmers use his kilns to turn farm waste—coffee husks and waste from sugar cane and rice—into charcoal. A company that Moses founded, called Eco-Fuel Africa, buys the char and turns it into briquettes for cooking that burn cleaner and cost less than wood.
The company takes those briquettes to market, providing fuel for more than 19,000 Ugandan families. (Read a Q&A with Sanga Moses.)
“Burning fuel wood not only destroys Uganda’s trees,” Moses says, but it also affects “the health and educational opportunities of our poorest people.
“We’re giving them an alternative.”
The problems that wood burning created for Moses’s family and in his hometown can be seen across sub-Saharan Africa. Eight in ten people in the region depend on wood to cook and to heat their homes. As more forests are destroyed to feed that demand—in Uganda, 70 percent of protected forests are gone—families must walk more miles every day to buy increasingly scarce and costly wood.
Families in the developing world spend up to 40 percent of their income on cooking fuel. Besides leaving children with less time for education, it means that poor farmers are less able to afford fertilizer, causing harvests to suffer and malnutrition to rise.
And wood burning takes a huge toll on human health, creating smoky indoor air that leads to respiratory diseases that kill more women and children each year than HIV/AIDS.
Moses’s cleaner-burning green charcoal reduces indoor air pollution and has already saved more than three million dollars in energy-related expenses for Ugandans. “Families use that money to pay school fees for their children, afford three meals a day, and finance new income-generating activities,” he says.
Indeed, farmers who work with Eco-Fuel Africa have tripled their incomes by selling char from kilns. The coarser, leftover char is used as fertilizer, which can increase harvests by more than 50 percent and create surplus crops to sell at market.
Moses’s group also battles deforestation, investing profits into planting 12,000 new trees and partnering with local schools to make reforestation part of environmental education.
“Today young people who graduate from college come to us and say, ‘I don’t care how much you pay me; I want to join you because I believe so strongly in what you do,’ ” Moses says.
Eco-Fuel Africa also looks for employees among Uganda’s widows and single mothers, who often struggle after husbands die of HIV/AIDS.
“They value the opportunity to become machine operators and retailers,” Moses says, “bringing unbelievable commitment, dedication, and hard work to our project.”
“Many times when I visit villages,” he continues, “a woman will grab my hand and say, ‘Six months ago I could barely feed my family. Now I’ve been able to enroll my daughter in school and buy a solar panel and mobile phone.’ “
Eco-Fuel Africa has received interest from Rwanda, Kenya, and Zambia, but Moses wants to “get our business model right and then expand to new countries.”
Funding from National Geographic recently helped the organization develop a briquette-making machine that can run without electricity, so it’s workable in remote rural areas.
“Now we can micro-franchise in villages far off the power grid,” Moses says. “We identify entrepreneurs, supply training and support, and provide technology on a credit basis so they can start sustainable businesses, create jobs, and meet local energy needs.”
All while improving Ugandans’ health—and saving their forests.
Moringa Permaculture @ www.HealingMoringaTree.com
Rather than being an inert material, soil houses a dynamic living ecosystem. The 1-5% oforganic matter found in soils includes 0.2% of living organisms. Although most soil organisms are invisible to the naked eye, they help gardeners in multiple ways. One major benefit to gardeners is their ability to help improve soil tilth. Soil tilth is the suitability of a soil to support plant growth, especially as it relates to ease of tillage, fitness for a seedbed, impedance to seedling emergence and root penetration. Soil organisms also play a central role in making nutrients available to plants. The community of soil organisms is varied, versatile, and adaptable to changing conditions and food supplies.
Soil contains an enormous number of living organisms including bacteria, protozoa, fungi, nematodes and arthropods. [Table 1]
Organisms typically found in one cup of undisturbed native soil
Organism Number Bacteria
Soil organisms are naturally active during certain times of the year. Most are active when the soil is warm and moist, like during late spring and early summer. If the soil dries out during the summer months, soil organism activity naturally declines. During fall, if there is rain or snow that moistens the soil while it is still warm, soil organisms may resume partial activity. As the soil cools in the fall, many soil organisms go dormant. Gardeners should note that fertilizers that require processing by soil organisms will be more available to plants when the soil is warm and moist and less available when the soil is cool or dry.
Despite their small size, soil organism activities have a large influence on plant growth. Soil organisms can be grouped into three categories: 1) organisms that are beneficial to plants—directly or indirectly, 2) neutral organisms—those whose activities have no affect on plants, and 3) organisms that are harmful to plants. Harmful organisms are often described as pathogens, such as the soil fungi that cause wilt diseases, or plant pests, such as white grubs that feed on plant roots.
Some soil organisms have a close, mutually beneficial (symbiotic) relationship with plants. Two examples include rhizobia and mycorrhizae.
Rhizobia are bacteria that form symbiotic associations with legumes such as beans and peas. The bacteria form nodules on the roots of the host plant in which they fix nitrogen gas from the air. Rhizobia supply the plant with nitrogen and in turn the plant supplies the bacteria with essential minerals and sugars. It may be helpful to add Rhizobia in the first planting of beans and peas in a soil area. Afterwards they will be present.
Mycorrhizae are specific fungi that form symbiotic associations with plant roots. Found in most soils, they are very host-specific (i.e., each plant species has specific species of mycorrhizae associated with it).
The Latin word mycor means fungus and rhiza means root. The terms “mycorrhiza” (singular) or “mycorrhizae” (plural) refer to the tissue that forms when fungi and roots develop a mutually beneficial relationship. Enlarging the surface-absorbing area of the roots by 100 to 1,000 times, mycorrhizae create filaments or threads that act like an extension of the root system. This makes the roots of the plant much more effective in the uptake of water and nutrients such as phosphorus and zinc. In exchange, the fungus receives essential sugars and compounds from the roots to fuel its own growth. Some species of mycorrhizae can be seen on roots, while most are invisible to the naked eye.
Mycorrhizae improve plant health. They enhance the plant’s ability to tolerate environmental stress (like drought and dry winter weather) and reduce transplant shock. Plants with mycorrhizae may need less fertilizer and may have fewer soil-borne diseases.
A by-product of mycorrhizal activity is the production of glomalin, a primary compound that improves soil tilth. In simple terms, glomalin glues the tiny clay particles together into larger aggregates, thereby increasing the amount of large pore space, which in turn creates an ideal environment for roots. For additional details, refer to the U.S. Department of Agriculture web site at www.ars.usda.gov/is/AR/archive/sep02/soil0902.htm.
Mycorrhizal cocktails are sometimes incorporated in planting or post planting care of trees and landscape plants. However, in research studies, results are variable. Over time, additional research will help clarify what procedures result in improved plant health and vigor.
In addition to directly beneficial organisms such as rhizobia and mycorrhizae, there are a large number of soil organisms whose activities indirectly help plants. Soil organisms collectively decompose organic matter, resulting in two principal benefits.
First, as soil organisms decompose organic matter, they transform nutrients into mineral forms that plants can use; thus this process is called mineralization. Without soil microorganisms, insects, and worms feeding on organic matter, the nutrients in organic matter would remain bound in complex organic molecules that plants can’t utilize.
Second, as soil organisms break down organic matter, their activities help improve soil structure. Improved soil structure provides a better environment for roots, with less soil compaction and better water and air movement. Many gardeners know that organic matter improves soil, but it is important to note that its beneficial properties are only released after being processed by soil organisms.
Soils naturally contain these decomposers. Adding decomposers to the soil or compost pile is not necessary. Rather nurture them with food (organic matter) and good aeration and drainage (air and water).
Soil organic matter is composed of a wide variety of organic substances. Derived from plants, animals, and soil organisms, the soil organic matter “pool” can be divided into four categories. First are the living organisms and roots, making up less than 5% of the total pool. Second are the residues from dead plants, animals and soil organisms that have not yet begun to decompose (<10%). Third is the portion undergoing rapid decomposition (20-45%). Fourth is the stabilized organic matter (humus) remaining after further decomposition by soil microorganisms (50-80%). [Figure 1]
Figure 1. Make-Up of Soil Organic Matter
The stabilized organic matter, or humus, is the pool of soil organic matter that has the longest lasting benefits for gardeners. After rapid decomposition occurs, a mix of stable, complex organic compounds remains, which decomposes slowly over time (about 3% per year). Humus is a mix of tiny solid particles and soluble compounds that are too chemically complex to be used by most organisms. Humus contains a potpourri of sugars, gums, resins, proteins, fats, waxes, and lignin. This mixture plays an important role in improving the physical and chemical properties of soil.
Humus improves the physical and chemical attributes of soil in several ways, including the following:
As a point of clarification, garden stores sometime carry soil amendments labeled ashumus. In reality these are generally “compost” and do not meet the soil scientist definition of humus as given here.
Gardeners can purchase products at garden centers that are intended to introduce soil organisms to an existing soil. Adding decomposing bacteria from a purchased product is generally not necessary, because decomposing soil organisms are already present in the soil. Even if their populations are low due to unfavorable conditions, as soon as organic matter and water become available their populations rapidly increase. Thus, soil biologists encourage gardeners to nurture existing communities rather than introducing external organisms through purchased products.
In addition, inoculating with rhizobia is generally not needed, unless a vegetable gardener is planting a leguminous crop for the first time. In this case, the gardener should purchase the appropriate inoculant (bacteria) for the leguminous vegetable being planted. Inoculation in future years is not needed, because rhizobia produce survival structures to over-winter.
Myccorhizal products are considered highly experimental at this time, and are thus not recommended by CSU Extension for general use.
Within the soil, organisms function within an ecological food web (the smaller becoming the food for the larger) cycling nutrients through the soil biomass. This soil food web is the basis of healthy, living soil. Significant soil organisms involved in the soil food web include: 1) bacteria, 2) fungi, 3) protozoa, 4) nematodes, 5) arthropods, and 6) earthworms.
Creating a favorable environment for soil organisms improves plant growth and reduces garden maintenance. Encouraging their efforts is central to building a healthy fertile soil supportive to optimum plant growth.
NOTE: The term mulch refers to material placed on the soil surface. A mulch controls weeds, conserves water, moderates soil temperature and has a direct impact on soil microorganism activity. Soil amendment refers to materials mixed into the soil.
If your partner’s kiss is on your lips, his microbes are, too.
A passionate kiss that lasts more than 10 seconds transfers about 80 million bacteria, researchers say. The evidence, published Sunday in the journal Microbiome, comes from 21 couples, ages 17 to 45, who made out for science. (Tough gig.)
Each couple had their mouths swabbed and spit to measure the bacteria in their mouths. Even before kissing, the couples had similar mouth bacteria.
“To our surprise, we found that those people that are intimately related … share much more of that bacteria on their tongue than unrelated individuals,” Remco Kort, a microbiologist at the Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research in Amsterdam and lead author of the study told NPR’s Rob Stein. He believes it may be due to other shared habits among couples, like using a certain toothpaste or smoking.
Kill Bacteria with Organic Moringa Leaf Powder
SourSop a must have!
Vermicomposting got to love the worms!
Wow!! Have I got a treat for you guys! My dear friend Elyse, aka the Vermi-Queen, has given me an incredible interview about her experience and advice on vermicomposting, gardening, and urban homesteading. This woman is a powerhouse and I’m always being inspired by the risks, adventures, and new undertakings she commits herself too. While I could go on about her rock star rollerderby, insane home brewery, or educational altruism – today we are talking…
Red wrigglers to be specific as they are Elyse’s slimy pet of choice.
In bold are my questions
In italics are her answers
Vermicomposting involves taking leftovers (normally scraps and trash) and having the worms break down the food. This results in a soil like fertilizer.
Can you briefly explain the process of vermicomposting?
In our home we try to minimize our waste or reuse it in the best way…
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CARROT CAKE WITH BABY PINK ICING
I have walked to work and home two days in a row now. Today it was off and on raining and cold, the summer seems to have vanished since Sunday. I had around 100 metres to walk to home when the skys opened. Yep, I got wet. A bit of rain won’t hurt me though.
Home to make boring old mince for the two brats tea, then change our sheets on our bed, you know …all those boring, mundane chores.
Then I spotted some extra carrots that needed to be used. Therefore I made a Carrot Cake for my workmates in the office for tomorrows morning tea. I won’t be able to have any as I didn’t make it for me, as I am trying to be good, so it isn’t Gluten Free.
The icing looked boring so I made it pink, ha ha…
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